2011-2015

Rollout of Xpert(®) MTB-RIF in Northwest Cambodia for the diagnosis of tuberculosis among PLHA

Objective: To describe the implementation and utilization
of the Xpert® MTB/RIF (Xpert) assay to diagnose tuberculosis
(TB) among people living with the human immunodeficiency
virus/acquired immune-deficiency syndrome
(HIV/AIDS, PLHA) in Cambodia.
Design: Following the rollout of Xpert, an evaluation
was conducted in four provinces of Cambodia from
March to December 2012 to determine the utilization,
performance, and turnaround time (TAT) of Xpert among
PLHA. Data were collected from paper-based patient
registers.

English

Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in Cambodian children

SUMMARY
We analysed Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from children, hospitalized from January 2004
to July 2008 in the largest paediatric hospital complex in Cambodia. Specimens were tested for
drug susceptibility and genotypes. From the 260 children, 161 strains were available. The East
African-Indian genotype family was the most common (59·0%), increasing in frequency with
distance from the Phnom Penh area, while the frequency of the Beijing genotype family strains

English

Identifying multidrug resistance in previously treated tuberculosis patients- a mixed-methods study in Cambodia

Identifying multidrug resistance in previously treated tuberculosis patients- a mixed-methods study in Cambodia

English

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