2011-2015

A first assessment of the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Cambodia.

Background
Cambodia is among the 22 high-burden TB countries, and has one of the highest rates of TB in South-East Asia. This study aimed to describe the genetic diversity among clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) isolates collected in Cambodia and to relate these findings to genetic diversity data from neighboring countries.

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Molecular detection of fluoroquinolone-resistance in multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in Cambodia suggests low association with XDR phenotypes.

Background
Drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains an important concern for implementing treatment of MDR tuberculosis patients. Implementation of molecular tests for drug resistance identification would facilitate DST particularly in developing countries where culturing is difficult to perform. We have characterized multidrug resistant strains in Cambodia using MDTDRsl tests, drug target sequencing and phenotypic tests.

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Evaluation of collaborative tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus activities in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

ETTING: Phnom Penh, Cambodia. OBJECTIVES: 1) To monitor the number of tuberculosis (TB) patients undergoing human immunodeficiency (HIV) testing during TB treatment and trends of referral of TB-HIV patients to HIV services following the appointment of TB-HIV coordinators in TB wards, and 2) to investigate factors that influence undesirable TB treatment outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study based on a review of patient records and interviews with programme staff. RESULTS: Eighty-six per cent of newly registered TB patients underwent HIV testing.

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